“avidya – literally “knowledge other then right knowledge” – is a false state of understanding. […] we can see avidya expressed in four different ways:
- first, there are false values arising from the constant references to “I” and “me” […]
- secondly, is expressed as excessive attachment or desire. […]
- unreasonable dislikes […]. usually they result from painful experiences in the past that are connected with particular objects and situations.
- fear of what is to come […] Pantajali tells us that fear is perhaps the most difficult of all obstacles to overcome.”
 Health, Healing & Beyond YOGA and the Living Tradition of KRISHNAMACHARYA, chapter “The Ancient Teachings” – T.K.V. Desikachar and R.H. Cravens